LIJDLR

EMANCIPATING LEGAL PERSONHOOD OF ARTIFICIALLY INTELLIGENT MACHINES

Kanishka Naruka, Law Student, University Five Year Law College, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur

Harsh Singh, Law Student, Amity Law School, Lucknow, India

ABSTRACT

The twenty-first century is coined to be the century of technology. Gradual as well as rapid advancement in technology has given birth to several new concepts. Of all these innovations artificial intelligence is the most remarkable one. AI is a machine with the exceptional computational ability which is designed to give desired outputs using human cognitive skills in such a manner that the outputs are not distinct from a human’s output. Artificial intelligence has become more powerful than ever in recent years. It was progressively added to existing technologies, but it quickly gained traction, allowing for the creation of new gadgets as well as new applications and capabilities for current ones. The primary purpose of AI has been to organize and process the accumulated unstructured data to recognize patterns and draw meaningful conclusions, which has become increasingly important owing to the proliferation of data. Technological advancement is one of the pushing factors in the development of legislation. Secondly, the task of identifying the personality of AI machines is very challenging. When we acclaim legal entities the company suffers a monetary loss generally, but when it comes to intelligent machines, they can cause harm which may be fatal at times. Also, artificial intelligence regulation has the potential to cause infiltration into the privacy regime; it is imperative to have control over the accuracy and extent of data fed up in machines as it has been reported several times that some of the surveillance machines have penetrated the personal life of individuals. Finding the responsible party is thus extremely arduous since businesses would be more than delighted to direct all allegations to the machine and go unpunished. However, in law, only a legal person can be attributed with criminal liability, and therefore, for attributing criminal liability to artificial intelligence technology, it is crucial to assess its standing as a legal person. This research endeavor aims at assessing the legal personhood of Artificial Intelligent Machines.